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The health care in Japan provides healthcare services, including screening examinations, prenatal care and infectious disease control, with the patient accepting responsibility for 30% of these costs while the government pays the remaining 70%. Japan’s Health-Care System Has Many Advantages, but May Not Be Sustainable. Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health care insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee.  Patients are free to select physicians or facilities of their choice and cannot be denied coverage. Hospitals, by law, must be run as non-profit and be managed by physicians. For-profit corporations are not allowed to own or operate hospitals.

Great things about health care system in japan, Medical fees are strictly regulated by the government to keep them affordable. Depending on the family income and the age of the insured, uninsured patients are responsible for paying 100% of their medical fees, but fees are waived for low-income households receiving government subsidy. Fees are also waived for homeless people when they are brought to the hospital by ambulance. All that medical care helps keep the Japanese alive longer than any other people on Earth while fostering one of the world’s lowest infant mortality rates. For generations, Japan has achieved its successes by maintaining a vise-like grip on costs. After hard bargaining with medical providers every two years, the government sets a price for treatment and drugs and tolerates no fudging. As a result, most Japanese doctors make far less money than their U.S. counterparts.

Japan has good health outcomes and has rapidly increased its spending on health care in recent years. It now needs to focus on improving efficiency of its health system in order to continue delivering high-quality care while containing costs.

Japanese hospitals experience a “crowding out” effect, with space for emergency care and serious medical conditions sometimes overwhelmed by a flood of patients seeking routine treatment. “Patients are treated too equally,” “Beds are occupied by less-urgent cases, and there are no penalties for those who over-use the system.” The government has largely been unable to reduce the length of hospital stays, which are four times as long in Japan as in the United States. Hospital doctors are often overworked and cannot hone specialized life-saving skills. These are the areas where the Japanese government needs to improve their health care system.

Difficulties in Japan health care system, Research indicates that Japan’s health care system, like those in many other countries, has come under severe stress and that its sustainability is in question. The conspicuous absence of a way to allocate medical resources, starting with doctors makes it harder and harder for patients to get the care they need, when and where they need it. A vivid example: Japan’s emergency rooms, which every year turn away tens of thousands who need care. Furthermore, the quality of care varies markedly, and many cost-control measures implemented have actually damaged the system’s cost effectiveness. So Japan must act quickly to ensure that its health care system can be sustained. It must close the funding gap before it becomes irreconcilable, establish greater control over supply of services and demand for health care, and change incentives to ensure that they promote high-quality, cost-effective treatment. Many of the measures needed address a number of problems simultaneously and may prove instructive for other countries. The experience had at a hospital in Japan In a highly publicized but not unprecedented incident, a pregnant woman complaining of a severe headache was refused admission last year to seven Tokyo hospitals. She died of an undiagnosed brain hemorrhage after giving birth.

Health care system comparative analysis between Japan and other nations

The Japanese population has a higher grade of satisfaction of their healthcare system than the Portuguese. The Portuguese healthcare system may use some of the methods of the Japanese healthcare system in order to achieve better outcomes, be more efficient and therefore to better serve the general public. Japan has about the lowest per capital health care costs among the advance nations of the world, and its population is the healthiest. that is largely due to life style factors, such as low rates of obesity and violence, but the widespread availability of high quality health care is most important, everyone in japan is covered by insurance for medical and dental care and drugs, people pay premiums proportional to their income to join the insurance pool determined by their place of work or residence. Insurers do not compete, and they all cover the same services and drugs for the same price. Patients freely choose their providers, and doctors freely choose the procedures, tests and medications for their patients. With this satisfaction met by the Japan health care system, I rate them 5 star has been good compare to other countries e.g Portugal and some other countries.

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Reference

Kyodo News (Nov 6, 2008). “Another case emerges of pregnant woman rejected by Tokyo hospitals” . The Japan Times . Retrieved January